Understanding your skin is the best way to fight acne. The skin is the largest organ of your body. It is composed of different layers and is also considered as one of the most important organs of your body that serves as your body’s first line of defense. Knowing your skin will help you understand how acne forms and formulate some ways on how to prevent this skin condition.
Your skin is composed of two layers, the epidermis and the dermis. These layers are found on top of the subcutaneous layer or the fat layer. The outer most part of the skin is called the dermis. Your dermis is composed of different cells that gives you your skin color. Below the epidermis is the dermis. Below that is the subcutaneous tissue. Here you will find your sweat glands and your sebaceous glands. These glands produce seat and sebum to keep your warm and moisturized.
In the case of acne, we will focus more on the sebaceous glands. These glands produce sebum, an oily substance that helps push out the dirt and impurities from your pores. Sebum also acts as a thin film of oil that covers your skin to retain the moisture content. It prevents dryness, thereby preventing skin damage. Usually, the produced oil can be easily eliminated through your skin’s pores. However, when the opening of your pores are clogged with dead skin cells, there is a huge chance that you will get acne.
Your skin cells die every day as a result of the normal wear and tear of your body. These dead skin cells come off easily and is replaced by newer, fresher cells. However, due to the oxidation and the free radicals, these dead skin cells stick together. They cover your pores and pile up together. This traps the bacteria and the sebum in. The trapped oil will then harden, forming a blackhead or a whitehead. The acne bacteria on the other hand will consume the produced oil in your sebaceous glands and use it as a nourishment for them to grow in numbers.
When there is a foreign body that enters our skin, or if there is a bacterial overgrowth, your brain will try to restore balance and get rid of these foreign bodies. This is when acne starts to take shape. It is because of your immune defenses that you experience redness, swelling and pain that is collectively known as acne.